A Life pod is a small short-ranged craft carried aboard most large ships and are used as a means for the crew to escape in times of emergency.
Most are meant only for short duration use while waiting to be picked up by a friendly ship and are only equipped with three to five days of air, food, and water.
Earth Alliance Life Pods
Interstellar Alliance Life Pods
Valen's Life Pods
The Valen used a large number of small, one person escape pods.
Other Life Pods
Streib Survival Pods
The survival pods carried aboard Streib cruisers can support at least two individuals. 
Qal’Thaa Life Pods
Used by an unknown race aboard a starship known as the Qal’Thaa that was shot down over Theta 49 around the time of the First Shadow War.
B5 forces closing on a Life Pod
Escape pod launched from an Achilles-type freighter